1. Abaadi, M.H., Dehghan Bonadaki, M., and Zali, A. 2013. The effect of feeding of bacterial
probiotic in milk or starter on growth performance, health, blood and rumen parameters of
suckling calves. Research on Animal Production. 4: 57-69.
2. Abdel-Salam, A.M., Zeitoun, M.M., and Abdelsalam, M.M. 2014. Effect of Synbiotic
Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Insulin and Testosterone and
Wool Traits of Growing Lambs. Journal of Biological Science. 14: 292- 298.
3. Agarwal, N., Kamra, D.N., Chaudhary, L.C., Sahoo, A., and Pathak, N.N. 2002. Microbial
status and rumen enzyme profile of crossbred calves fed on different microbial feed
additives. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 34: 329-36.
4. Agazzi, A., Tirloni, E., Stella, Maroccolo, S., Ripamonti, C.S., Bersani, B., Michela Caputo,
J., Dell’Orto, V., Rota, N., and Savoini, G. 2014. The effects of the administration of a
species-specific probiotic addition to milk replacer on calf health and performance during the
first month of life. Annals of Animal Science. 1: 101–115.
5. AOAC. 1995. Official methods of analysis. (16th ed.) Association of Official Analytical
Chemists. Arlington, USA.
6. Alsayadi, M., Al Jawfi, Y., Belarbi, M., Soualem-Mami, Z., Merzouk, H., Sari, D.C., Sabri,
F., and Ghalim, M. 2014. Evaluation of Anti-Hyperglycemic and Anti- Hyperlipidemic
Activities of Water Kefir as Probiotic on Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Wistar Rats.
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. 28: 440-463.
7. Antunovic, Z., Speranda, M., Liker, B., Seric, V., Sencic, D., Domacinovic, M., and
Sperandat, T. 2005. Influence of feeding the probiotic PioneerPDFM® to growing lambs on
performances and blood composition. Acta Veterinaria. 55: 287-300.
8. Antunovic, Z., Speranda, M., Amidzic, D., Seric, V., and Stainer, Z. 2006. Probiotic
applications in lamb’s nutrition. Krmiva, 48: 175-180.
9. Bach, A., Iglesias, C., and Devant, M. 2007. Daily rumen pH pattern of loose loose housed
dairy cattle as affected by feeding pattern and live yeast supplementation. Journal of Animal
Feed Science and Technology. 136: 146-153.
10. Bahari, M., Jafari Khorshidi, K., and Mousavi Kashani, S.M. 2014. Comparison the effect of
adding three types of probiotics in consuming milk on performance and blood metabolites of
Mazandaran native lambs. Indian Journal of Scientific Research. 4: 242-247.
11. Beauchemin, K.A., Yang, W.Z., Morgavi, D.P., Ghorbani, G.R., Kautz, W., and Leedle
J.A.Z. 2003. Effects of bacterial direct fed microbials and yeast on site and extent of
digestion, blood chemistry, and subclinical ruminal acidosis in feedlot cattle. Journal of
Animal Science. 81: 1628-1640.
12. Chamoro, M. 2009. Environment, dam, management: Factors influencing passive transfer of
immunoglobulins to neonatal calves. Veterinary Quarterly. 12: 1-7.
13. Desnoyers, M., Giger-Reverdin, S., Bertin, G., Duvaux-Ponter, C., and Sauvant, D. 2009.
Meta-analysis of the influence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on ruminal
parameters and milk production of ruminants. Journal of Dairy Science. 92: 1620-1632.
14. Dimova, N., Baltadjieva, M., Karabashev, V., and Kalaydjiev, G. 2013. Effect of
supplementation of probiotic zoovit in diets of calves of milk breed. Bulgarian Journal of
Agricultural Science. 19: 98–101.
15. Duff, G.C., and Galyean, M.L. 2007. Recent advances in management of highly stressed,
newly received feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 85: 823-40.
16. Falcao, H., and Japiassu, A.M. 2011. Albumin in critically ill patients: contraversis and
recommondation. Revista Brasileira De Terapia Intensiva. 23: 87-95.
17. Fayed, A.M., El-Ashry, M.A., Youssef, K.M., Salem, F.A., and Aziz, H.A. 2005. Effect of
feeding falvomycin or yeast as feed supplement on ruminal fermentation and some blood
constituents of sheep in Sinai. Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds. 8: 619 – 634.
18. Fuller, R. 1989. Probiotics in man and animal. Journal of Applied Bacteriology. 66: 365-378.
19. Gadekar, Y.P., Shinde, A.K., Soren, N.M., and Karim, S.A. 2015. Effect different levels of
Lactobacillus acidophilus culture on carcass traits and meat quality of Malpura lamb.
Ruminant Science. 2: 229-234.
20. Gaggia, F., Mattarelli, P., and Biavati, B. 2010. Probiotics and prebiotics in animal feeding
for safe food production. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 141: 15–28.
21. Guarner, F., and Malagelada, J.R. 2003. Gut flora in health and disease. Lancet. 361: 512-
22. Hassan, S.A., and Mohammed, S.F. 2014. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
supplementation on growth rate and nutrient digestibility in Awassi lambs fed diets with
different roughage to concentrate ratios. Biochemistry and Biotechnology Research. 2: 37-
23. Heinrichs, A., Jones, C., and Heinrichs, B. 2003. Effects of mannan oligosaccharide or
antibiotics in neonatal diets on health and growth of dairy calves. Journal of Dairy Science.
24. Hussein, A.F. 2014. Effect of biological additives on growth indices and physiological
responses of weaned Najdi ram lambs. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural
Sciences. 2: 598-607.
25. Issakowicz, J., Bueno, M.S., Sampaio, A.C.K., and Duarte, K.M.R. 2013 Effect of
concentrate level and live yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) supplementation Texel lamb
performance and carcass characteristics. Livestock Scienc. 155: 44–52.
26. Jouany, J.P. 2006. Optimizing rumen functions in the close-up transition period and early
lactation to drive dry matter intake and energy balance in cows. Animal Reproduction
Science. 96: 250-264.
27. Kawakami, S., Yamada, T., Nakanishi, N., and CAI, Y. 2010. Feeding of lactic acid bacteria
and yeast affects fecal flora of Holstein calves. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances.
28. Khuntia, A., and Chaudhary, I.C. 2002. Performance of male crossbred calves as influenced
by substitution of grain by wheat bran and the addition of lactic acid bacteria to diet. Asian-
Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 15: 188-194.
29. Kong, X.F., Wu, G.Y., and Yin, Y.L. 2011. Roles of phytochemicals in amino acid nutrition.
Frontiers in Bioscience. 3: 372-384.
30. Larson, L.L., Owen, F.G. Albright, J.L., Appleman, R.D., Lamb, R.C., and Muller, L.D.
1977. Guidelines toward more uniformity in measuring and reporting calf experimental data.
Journal of Dairy Science. 60: 989-991.
31. Lascano, G.J., Zanton, G.I., Suarez-Mena, F.X., and Heinrichs, A.J. 2009. Effect of limit
feeding high- and low-concentrate diets with Saccharomyces cerevisiae on digestibility and
on dairy heifer growth and first-lactation performance. Journal of Dairy Science. 92: 5100-
32. Lesmeister, K., Heinrichs, A., and Gabler, M. 2004. Effects of supplemental yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae) culture on rumen development, growth characteristics, and
blood parameters in neonatal dairy calves. Journal of Dairy Science. 87: 1832-1839.
33. Meng, Q.W, Yan, L., Ao, X., Zhou, T.X., Wang, J.P., Lee, J.H., and Kim, I.H. 2010.
Influence of probiotics in different energy and nutrient density diets on growth performance,
nutrient digestibility, meat quality, and blood characteristics in growing-finishing pigs.
Journal of Animal Science. 88: 3320-3326.
34. Mikulec, Z., Masek, T., Habrun, B., and Valpotic, H. 2010. The inflfluence of
Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation to the diet of fattening lambs on gr rformance
and rumen bacterial number. Veterinarski arhiv. 80: 695-703.
35. Mohamadi, P., and Dabiri, N. 2011. Effects of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on
performance and humoral immune response of female suckling calves. Asian-Australasian
Journal of Animal Sciences. 25: 1255-1261.
36. Moslemipour, F., Moslemipour, F., and Mostafalo, Y. 2013. Effects of using probiotic and
synbiotic in colostrum and milk on passive immunoglobulin transfer rate, growth and health
parameters of calf. Small Ruminant Research. 4: 19-30.
37. Mukhtar, N., Sarwar, M., Nisa, M.U., and Sheikh, M.A. 2010. Growth response of growing
lambs fed on concentrate with or without ionophores and probiotics. International Journal of
Agricultural and Biological. 12: 734-738.
38. Nikoskelainen, S., Salminen, N., Bylund, S.G., and Ouwehand, A. 2002. Characterization of
properties of human- and Dairy-derived probiotic for prevention of infectious disease in fish.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 67: 2430-2435.
39. Noori, M., Alikhani, M., and Jahanian, R. 2016. Effect of partial substitution of milk with
probiotic yogurt of different pH on performance, body conformation and blood biochemical
parameters of Holstein calves. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 44: 221-229.
40. Panda, A.K., Rao, S.V.R., Raju, M.V.L.N., and Sharma, S.R. 2006. Dietary supplementation
of Lactobacillus sporogenes on performance and serum biochemico-lipid profile of broiler
chickens. Journal of Poultry Science. 43: 235-240.
41. Robinson, P.H., and Erasmus, L.J. 2009. Effects of analyzable diet components on responses
of lactating dairy cows to Saccharomyces cerevisiae based yeast products: A systematic
review of the literature. Journal of Animal Feed Science and Technology. 149: 185-198.
42. Riddell, J.B., Gallegos, A.J., Harmon, D.L., and Mcleod, K.R. 2010. Addition of a Bacillus
based probiotic to the diet of pre ruminant calves: influence on growth, health, and blood
parameters. Intern. Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine. 8: 78-85.
43. Rust, S.R., Metz, K., and Ware, D.R. 2000. Effects of Bovamine rumen culture on the
performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers. Mich. Agric. Exp. Sta. Beef Cattle,
Sheep, and Forage Sys. Research. Dem. Reproduction. 569: 22–26.
44. Soren, N.M., Tripathi, M.K., Bhatt, R.S., and Karim, S.A. 2013. Effect of yeast
supplementation on the growth performance of Malpura lambs. Tropical Animal Health
and Production. 45: 547-554.
45. Titi, H.H., Abdullah, A.Y., Lubbadeh, W.F., and Obeidat, B.S. 2008. Growth and carcass
characteristics of male dairy calves on a yeast culture-supplemented diet. South African
Journal of Animal Science. 38: 174-183.
46. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B., and Lewis, B.A. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral
detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharide in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy
Science. 74: 3583- 3597.
47. Viturro, E., Konning, M., Kroemer, A., and Meyer, H.H.D. 2009. Cholesterol synthesis in
the lactating cow: Induced expression of candidate genes. The Journal of Steroid
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 115: 62-67.
48. Wang, Y., Xu, N., Xi, A., Ahmed, Z., Zhang, B., and Bai, X. 2009. Effects of Lactobacillus
plantarum MA2 isolated from Tibet kefir on lipid metabolism and intestinal microflora of
rats fed on high-cholesterol diet. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 24: 341-5.
49. Xie, Ning., Cui, Yi., Yin,Ya-Ni., Zhao, Xin., and Yang, Jun. 2011. Effects of two
Lactobacillus strains on lipid metabolism and intestinal microflora in rats fed a highcholesterol
diet. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 11: 53-63.
50. Zhuang, G., Liu, X.M., Zhang, Q.X., Tian, F.W., Zhang, H., and Zhang, H.P. 2012. Research
advances with regards to clinical outcome and potential mechanisms of the cholesterollowering
effects of probiotics. Journal of Clinical Lipidology. 7: 501–507.